Publications:

  1. J. Cheng, S. Rathi, P. Stradins, G. Frey, R. T. Collins, S. K. R. Williams, “Synthesis of Free Standing Silica Thin Films with Highly Ordered Nanopores”, RSC Adv., 4, 7627–7633 (2014).  DOI:10.1039/c3ra46666c
  2. S. K. R. Williams, K. D. Caldwell, “Field-flow Fractionation”, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 406, 1577-1578 (2014).   DOI 10.1007/s00216-013-7603-9
  3. J.R. Runyon, S.K.R. Williams, “Photon Correlation Spectroscopy Coupled with Field-Flow Fractionation for Polymer Analysis”, in Handbook of Spectroscopy, 2nd Edition, G. Gauglitz, D.S. Moore, Eds., Chapter 32, pp 1201-1228, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, Weinheim Germany, 2014.  Print ISBN: 978-3-527-32150-6
  4. N. C. Crawford, S. K. R. Williams, D. Boldridge, M. L. Liberatore, “Shear-induced structures and thickening in fumed silica slurries”, Langmuir, 29, 12915-12923 (2013)
  5. N.C. Crawford, B. Yohe, S.K.R. Williams, M.L. Liberatore, “Shear thickening and shear-induced agglomeration of chemical mechanical polishing slurries using electrolytes”, Rheol. Acta, 52, 499-513 (2013).  DOI: 10.1007/s00397-013-0711-9
  6. N. C. Crawford, S. K. R. Williams, D. Boldridge, M. W. Liberatore, “Shear thickening and defect formation of fumed silica CMP slurries”, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 436, 87-96 (2013).
  7. C. Ponyik, D. T. Wu, S. K. R. Williams, “Separation and composition distribution determination of triblock copolymers by thermal field-flow” Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 405, 9033-9040 (2013).
  8. J. R. Runyon, A. Goering, K.-T. Yong, S. K. R. Williams, “Preparation of Narrow Dispersity Gold Nanorods by Asymmetrical Flow Field-Flow Fractionation and Investigation of Surface Plasmon Resonance”, Anal. Chem., 85, 940-948 (2013).
  9. C. Bria, F. Violleau, S. K. R. Williams, “Field-Flow Fractionation for Biological, Natural, and Synthetic Polymers: Recent advances and trends “, LCGC Asia, November 2013; LCGC Europe, December 2013; LCGC North America, December 2013.  Issue Covers for LCGC Asia and LCGC Europe.
  10. S.K.R. Williams, K.D. Caldwell, Eds., “Field-Flow Fractionation in Biopolymer Analysis”, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, 2012.  305 pages.  ISBN 978-3-7091-0153-7
  11. G.E. Kassalainen, S.K.R. Williams, “Assessing protein-ultrafiltration membrane interactions using flow field-flow fractionation” in Field-Flow Fractionation in Biopolymer Analysis, SKR Williams, KD Caldwell, Eds., Springer, Vienna, Chapter 2, pp 23-36, 2012.
  12. F. Lin, J. Cheng, C. Engtrakul, A. C. Dillon, D. Nordlund, R. Moore, T.-C. Weng, S. K. R. Williams, and R. M. Richards,”In-situ Crystallization of High Performing WO3-Based Electrochromic Materials and the Importance for Durability and Switching Kinetics”, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 16817-16832 (2012).
  13. N. Crawford, S.K.R. Williams, D. Boldridge, M.L. Liberatore, “Shear thickening of chemical mechanical polishing slurries under high shear" Rheo. Acta, 51, 637-647 (2012).
  14. S. K. R. Williams, J.R. Runyon, A.A. Ashames “Field-Flow Fractionation: Addressing the Nano Challenge”, Anal. Chem., 83, 634-642 (2011).
  15. J.R. Runyon, S.K.R. Williams, “Composition and molecular weight analysis of styrene-acrylic copolymers using thermal field-flow fractionation “, J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 6774– 6779 (2011).
  16. J.R. Runyon, S.K.R. Williams, “A Theory-Based Approach to Field-Flow Fractionation of Polyacrylates“, J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 7016-7022 (2011).
  17. D. Lee, S.K.R. Williams, “Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation and multiangle light scattering of polyvinyl acetate with broad polydispersity and ultrahigh molecular weight gel components”, J. Chromatogr. A 1217, 1667-1673 (2010).
  18. F. Messaud, R. Sanderson, J.R. Runyon, S.K.R Williams, “An Overview on Field-Flow Fractionation Techniques and Their Applications in Separation and Characterization of Polymers”, Prog. Polym. Sci., 34, 351-368 (2009).
  19. C.A. Lohmann, J.E. Engle, W.G. Haseltine, S.K.R. Williams, “A Rapid Separation Method for Gel Content Determination in Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Dispersions and Acrylic-based Latices for an Industrial Setting”, Anal. Chim. Acta, 654, 92-96 (2009).
  20. D. Lee, S. Rumbelow, S.K.R. Williams, “Identification and Quantitation of Trace Impurities in Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylates Using HPLC and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry”, Anal. Chim. Acta, 654, 59-63 (2009)
  21. S.K.R. Williams, M.A. Benincasa, A.A. Ashames, “Field-flow fractionation in analysis of polymers and rubbers” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R.A. Meyers, Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 2009.
  22. "S.K.R. Williams, L. Cinque, P.M. Shiundu, “Size Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings”, in Nanotechnology Applications in Coatings, L-P. Sung, R. Fernando, Eds., ACS Symp. Ser. 1008, pp 337-395, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., (2009).
  23. S.K.R. Williams, D. Lee, “Field-Flow Fractionation of Proteins, Polysaccharides, Synthetic Polymers, and Supramolecular Assemblies”, J. Sep. Sci., 29, 1720-1732 (2006).
  24. F. Basile, G.E. Kassalainen, S.K.R. Williams, “A Simple Interface for Direct and Continuous Sample-Matrix Deposition onto a MALDI Probe for Polymer Analysis by Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation and Off-line MALDI-MS”, Anal. Chem., 77, 3008-3012 (2005).
  25. P.M. Shiundu, S.K.R. Williams, “Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation for Particle Analysis:  Opportunities and Challenges”, ACS Symp. Ser. 881, Chapter 12, pp 185-198, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (2004).
  26. H.K. Lee, S.K.R. Williams, K. L. Wahl, N. Valentine, “Analysis of Whole Bacteria with Field-Flow Fractionation and MALDI/TOF Mass Spectrometry”, Anal. Chem., 75, 2746-2752 (2003).
  27. G. Kassalainen, S.K.R. Williams, “Coupling Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Synthetic Polymers”, Anal. Chem., 75, 1887-1894 (2003).
  28. G. Kassalainen, S.K.R. Williams, “Lowering the Molecular Weight Limit of Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation for Polymer Separations”, J. Chromatogr., 988, 285-295 (2003).
  29. P.M. Shiundu, S.M. Munguti, S.K.R. Williams, “Retention Behavior of Metal Particle Dispersions in Aqueous and Nonaqueous Carriers in Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation”, J. Chromatogr., 983, 163-176 (2003).
  30. P.M. Shiundu, S.M. Munguti, S.K.R. Williams, “Practical Implications of Ionic Strength in Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation”, J. Chromatogr., 984, 67-79 (2003).
  31. R. Hartmann, S.K.R. Williams, “Flow Field-Flow Fractionation as an Analytical Technique to Rapidly Quantitate Membrane Fouling”, J. Membr. Sci., 209, 93-106 (2002).
  32. S.K.R. Williams, H.K. Lee, B. Butler-Veytia, “Determining the Particle Size Distributions of Titanium Dioxide Using Sedimentation Field-Flow Fractionation and Photon Correlation Spectroscopy” in Service Life Prediction Methodology and Metrologies, J.W. Martin and D.R. Bauer, Eds., ACS Symp. Ser. 805, ACS, Washington, D.C., pp. 285-298 (2002).
  33. H. K. Lee, S. K.R. Williams, S. Dean Anderson, T. J. Anchordoquy, “Analysis of Self-Assembled Cationic Lipid-DNA Gene Carrier Complexes using Flow FFF and Light Scattering”, Anal. Chem., 73, 837-843 (2001).
  34. G. Kassalainen, S.K.R. Williams, “Protein Separations by Flow Field-Flow Fractionation”, in Encyclopedia of Chromatography, Chapter 240, pp 680-683, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001.
  35. S. Saenton, H.K. Lee, Y. Gao, J. Ranville, S.K.R. Williams, “Evaluation of Different Field-Flow Fractionation Techniques for Separating Bacteria”, Sep. Sci. Technol., 35, 1761-1775 (2000).
  36. S. K.R. Williams, M.A. Benincasa, “Field-Flow Fractionation Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers”, in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry: Instrumentation and Applications, Wiley, 2000.
  37. S.K.R. Williams, J.C. Giddings, " Sample Recovery" in Field-Flow Fractionation Handbook, M.E. Schimpf, K.D. Caldwell, and J.C. Giddings, eds., Wiley Science, Chapter II-7 (2000).
  38. S.K.R. Williams, "Flow FFF", in Field-Flow Fractionation Handbook, M.E. Schimpf, K.D. Caldwell, and J.C. Giddings, eds., Wiley Science, Chapter II-11 (2000).
  39. S.K.R. Williams, H. K. Lee, M. M. Turner, “Size Characterization of Magnetic Cell Sorting MicroBeads Using Field-Flow Fractionation and Photon Correlation Spectroscopy”, J. Magnetism & Magnetic Materials, 194, 248-53 (1999).
  40. H. Lee, K.R. Williams, J. C. Giddings, "Particle Size Analysis of Dilute Environmental Colloids by Flow Field-Flow Fractionation Using an Opposed Flow Sample Concentration Technique", Anal. Chem., 70, 2495-2503 (1998).
  41. S.K.R. Williams, R. G. Keil, "Monitoring Biological and Physical Reactivity of Dextran Carbohydrates in Seawater Incubations Using Flow Field-Flow Fractionation", J. Liq. Chromatogr. & Rel. Technol., 20, 2815-2833 (1997).
  42. S.K.R. Williams, G.M. Raner, W. E. Ellis, Jr., J. C. Giddings, "Separation of Protein Inclusion Bodies from E. coli Cell Lysates Using Sedimentation Field-Flow Fractionation", J. Microcol. Sep., 9, 233-239 (1997).
  43. K. D. Jensen, S. K.R. Williams, J. C. Giddings, "High Speed Particle Separation and Steric Inversion in Thin Flow Field-Flow Fractionation Channels", J. Chromatogr., 746, 137-45 (1996).
  44. S. K. Ratanathanawongs, P. M. Shiundu, J.C. Giddings, "Size and Compositional Studies of Core-Shell Latexes Using Flow and Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation", Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 105, 243-50 (1995).
  45. A.M. Botana, S.K. Ratanathanawongs, J.C. Giddings, "Field Strength Programming in Flow Field-Flow Fractionation", J. Microcol.Sep., 7, 395-402 (1995).
  46. M. E. Schimpf, S.K. Ratanathanawongs, M.E. Hansen, “Size-based Characterization of Industrial Materials by Field-Flow Fractionation”, Adv. Powder Metall. Part. Mater., 1, 203-213 (1995).
  47. J.C. Giddings, S.K. Ratanthanawongs, G. Liu, B. Tjelta, M.H. Moon, M.E. Hansen, B.N. Barman, " Characterization of Colloidal and Particulate Silica by Field-Flow Fractionation", Chapter 16 in The Colloid Chemistry of Silica (Advances in Chemistry Series No. 234), pp. 309-340, H. Bergna, Ed., American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1994.
  48. S.K. Ratanathanawongs, J.C. Giddings, "Rapid Size Characterization of Chromatographic Silicas by Flow Field-Flow Fractionation", Chromatographia, 38, 545-54 (1994).
  49. S.K. Ratanthanawongs, J. C. Giddings, "Particle Size Analysis Using Flow Field-Flow Fractionation", Chapter 2 in Chromatography of Polymers: Characterization by SEC and FFF (ACS Symposium Series Volume No. 521), pp. 13-29, T. Provder, Ed., American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., 1993.
  50. S.K . Ratanathanawongs, J. C. Giddings, "Dual Field and Flow Programming in Lift Hyperlayer Field-Flow Fractionation", Anal. Chem., 64, 6-15 (1992).
  51. J.C. Giddings, S.K. Ratanathanawongs, M.H. Moon, "Field-Flow Fractionation: A Versatile Technology for Particle Characterization in the Size Range 10-3 to 102 Micrometers", KONA: Powder and Particle, 9, 200-17 (1991).
  52. S.K. Ratanathanawongs, I. Lee, J. C. Giddings: "Separation and Characterization of 0.01 - 50 mm Particles Using Flow Field-Flow Fractionation."  pp. 229-46, Chapter 15 in Particle Size Distribution II (ACS Symposium Series Volume No. 472), T. Provder, Ed., American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., 1991.
  53. C.L.M. Stults, P.R. Kraus, S.K. Ratanathanawongs, C.J. Patton, S.R. Crouch, "Comparison of Continuous Flow Analysis Techniques", J. Chem. Ed., 66, 1060-62 (1989).
  54. S.K. Ratanathanawongs, J. C. Giddings, "High Speed Separation of HPLC Silica by Flow/Hyperlayer Field-Flow Fractionation", J. Chromatogr., 467, 341-56, (1989).
  55. S.K. Ratanathanawongs, S.R. Crouch, "Development of a Selective Post-column Detector for Phenols Separated by High Performance Liquid Chromatography", Anal. Chim. Acta, 192, 277-87 (1987).
  56. T. Szell, A. Brandt and S. Ratanathanawongs, "Two New Thiachalcones", J. Chem. Eng. Data, 26, 230 (1981).